Here in VA we've already had our first frost, but it's still getting warm during the daytime. Which means that it's the perfect time to plant garlic!
I bought 2 heads of elephant garlic at the Merrifield Garden Center back when I bought my flower bulbs. They cost 85 cents each, and contained a lot of cloves.
Step 1: Seperate the cloves.
Step 2: If your garlic hasn't been treated for fungus, soak the cloves in 1 tablespoon of baking soda and water for about an hour. I wasn't positive if mine had been treated or not (I forgot to check) so I went ahead with the soaking anyway.
Step 3: Plant the cloves pointy-side down about 2 inches deep. I found contradictory information on how close to plant garlic in the square-foot garden I started this year, so I did two squares of 9 cloves and one square of 6 cloves. We'll call this an experiment for next year.
Step 4: Cover with about 4 inches of mulch, straw or leaves. Since my garden is still somewhat active, I didn't do this step yet. I'll put a good layer of leaves and straw on when I put the garden to bed for the winter.
Step 5: WAIT! The garlic won't be ready until early summer, around June. But there will be scapes before that, which are just awesome in pesto.